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What are the 5 basic principles of accounting?


To better understand the principles, let’s take a look at what they are.


1. Revenue Recognition Principle

When you are recording information about your business, you need to consider the revenue recognition principle. This is the period of time where revenues are recognized through the income statement of your company.

* on accrual basis revenues recognized in the period that the services were provided

* on the cash basis the revenues need to be recognized in the period the cash was received.

2. Cost Principle

Recording your assets when you purchase a product or service helps keep your business’s expenses orderly. It’s important to record the acquisition price of anything you spend money on and properly record depreciation for those assets.

3. Matching Principle

Expenses should be matched to the revenues recognized in the same accounting period and be recorded in the period the expense was incurred. If there is a period of time where revenue was recognized on sold products or services, then the cost of those things should also be recognized.

4. Full Disclosure Principle

The information on financial statements should be complete so that nothing is misleading. Important partners or clients will be aware of relevant information concerning your company.

5. Objectivity Principle

The accounting data should consistently stay accurate and be free of personal opinions. Make sure the data is also supported by evidence that can include vouchers, receipts, and invoices. Having an objective viewpoint, in this case, helps rely on financial results

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